Niacin deficiency is seen most commonly in symptoms involving the skin, nervous system, and digestive system. Pellagra is the most serious disease caused by a lack of Niacin, and it eventually causes a painful death. It is seen in poor countries such as Africa and China, where Niacin rich foods are not part of the diet.

Niacin deficiency is a serious type of malnutrition. This is because niacin takes part in about 50 metabolic processes in the body. The disorder is also known as pellagra and it is less common in highly developed countries. A normal diet supplies all the necessary niacin requirement of the body. But when niacin or vitamin B3 is depleted, the individual suffers from different complications. Here are the signs that should warn you of the possible problem.

Niacin deficiency causes a disease called pellagra. This disease was common in the pioneer days, but it almost nonexistent in our society today. It causes skin problems, cloudy or fuzzy thinking and diarrhea, and can lead to death if untreated. Those with low niacin levels who aren’t at the level of pellagra can experience milder symptoms. Slight deficiency can also lead to a red, swollen tongue or mouth canker sores.

Niacin deficiency can be treated effectively with replacement of niacin in the diet . In the case of Hartnup disease , large quantities of niacin may be required for effective reversal of symptoms.

Niacin deficiency may result from certain medical issues ( e.g, beer issues, malabsorption syndrome, Hartnup sickness ), unsuitable diet, or long-term use of certain medicines ( e.g, isoniazid ) .Niacin deficiency could cause butt rot, confusion ( dementia ), tongue rosiness / swelling, and peeling red skin. Niacin is a K, A vitamin B3, one of the B-complex vitamins.

Niacin deficiency can also induce the manifestation of a group of symptoms quite distinct from the symptoms of pellagra. The person can be affected by some of the less severe symptoms of dermatitis, they can experience a strange clouding of consciousness, the development of a “cogwheel” rigidity in the extremities, there could be uncontrollable grasping and sucking reflexes all of a sudden, in some cases patient may enter a comatose state. Such physical and psychological symptoms normally affects people who are hospitalized and are being undergoing intravenous feeding on liquid foods that are without supplemented vitamins.

Niacin deficiency causes muscle weakness, muscle pain, fatigue, headaches, loss of appetite and dementia. One particular condition associated with vitamin B3 deficiency is pellagra. This condition is marked by dermatitis, old age dementia, sensitivity to sunlight, diarrhea and mental confusion. Read more on vitamin deficiency .

Niacin deficiency is caused by a variety of factors. In impoverished countries, niacin deficiency is evident in malnourished children. In developed countries, niacin deficiency can crop up with vegetarian diet, alcoholics, and people under stressful situations that skip┬ámeals to combat depression. People who fall under the risk factors of niacin deficiency are encouraged to take niacin deficiency tests to assess one’s general nutrition levels.

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